This early "national distribution" did much to build the reputation of KBB. Louis with family and friends acting as agents. The trademarks, for the inlaid cloverleaf and the cloverleaf with the KBB initials inside, were issued in KBB's pipes became more popular and were in constant demand by the end of the century. Orders were streaming back east and KBB needed to move to larger manufacturing facilities. The salesroom offices were located at 33 East 17th. When the Kaywoodie pipe was first introduced by KBB it came with a hand cut rubber mouthpiece fitted with an aluminum Inbore Tube. This device was to "assure a clean, cool smoke.
The early Drinkless Kaywoodies from through had push bit stems. In , after three years of research, the new Drinkless Kaywoodies with the synchro-stem, threaded drinkless screw-in mouthpiece were introduced. The drinkless attachment was advertised as cooling the smoke from degrees in the bowl to 82 degrees when it entered the mouth. By the mid 's, all Kaywoodie's came with the screw mounted Drinkless attachment.
Export Kaywoodies, available briefly from , had push bit stems and were available in all the same shapes and finishes as the drinkless versions. This section courtesy Doug Valitchka: Produced until mid the earliest Kaywoodies are easy to identify. They have the inlaid Shamrock stem logo, somewhat elongated. They were inner tube pipes fitted with a removable aluminum tube. If a shape number was stamped it would be a 4 digit number always starting with Most inlaid shamrocks were white, but other colors have been seen including red, blue and gold fleck.
To quote Kaywoodie expert Dennis Moore: Again, demand for KBB pipes and especially Kaywoodie prompted another move for both the manufacturing facilities and the corporate offices.
By , the manufacturing operations moved from Union City to Broadway in West New York, New Jersey which, at the time, was touted as the largest pipe making facility in the world. At the height of production, there were employees producing up to 10, pipes per day.
The invitation to visit the new office reads, "Kaywoodie is now on display at the world's most famous address - Rockefeller Center. Here Kaywoodie takes its place among the leaders of industry and commerce. By Kaywoodie had opened an office in London to meet worldwide demand. Kaywoodie of London was jointly owned with another famous pipemaker, Comoy's of London.
The Yello-Bole line was introduced in and was an outlet for lower grade briar not used in Kaywoodie production. Advertising from the 's, pictures the Yello-Bole "Honey Girl" and urges the pipe smoker to smoke the pipe with "a little honey in every bowl. It was said to provide a faster, sweeter break-in of the pipe.
Pipes made by this company had the pipes name stamped inside an elongated diamond on the shank of the pipe. During World War II, getting briar imported into this country was not easy. Italian and French briar couldn't be had until very late in the war. Kaywoodie was able to import 5-gross bags of briar about 1,, blocks out of North Africa in after the German army was defeated there.
Early in , Kaywoodie embarked on a project of domestically grown briar wood, called Mission Briar or manzanita. This wood is botanically the same as Mediterranean briar. However, the smoking characteristics were not quite as good and the project was abandoned after the war.
After the war, pipe production returned to new heights with many new pipe smokers coming out of the armed services. In March of , S. There are a few years prior to this that things are a little fuzzy. It is thought that aforementioned companies were purchased by another company in The name of this company is not known by us. This interim owner was not a pipemaker and after only 3 years was looking for a buyer.
When this unknown company bought Kaywoodie in , the Rockefeller Center corporate office was closed and moved to the West New York plant. Later in , he would be elected President and Chief Executive of S. In he assumed and was later elected Chairman of the Board, replacing Herbert Schloss, who passed away in January of '68 after 60 years of employment with S.
This company continued as a subsidiary until December 31, Offices were located in Toronto. This location still operates today and acts as a warehouse and distribution facility of Medico products in Europe, Africa, and the Mid-East. From the time of S. Frank's purchase in until , Kaywoodie and Yello-Bole were run as a separate companies, as divisions of the parent.
Through this period, Kaywoodie and Yello-Bole had its own officers, sales force and maintained the production facilities in West New York. In the early 's the corporate offices were re-located to S. Medico and DeMuth pipes continued to be made at the Richmond Hill plant. Through the 's, demand for S. Frank pipes exceeded the available supply. One of the reasons for this was the first two Surgeon General's reports on cigarette smoking and the health dangers. This report also said that if you wanted to smoke, smoke a pipe instead.
By the late 's, S. Frank was looking for larger facilities to house the manufacturing and office space. In , Kaywoodie's sales office moved again, to 5th Avenue. This office was only open a few years until the search for a new building was completed. Due to the gap in catalogs used in this research, it is not known precisely when the practice of putting the cloverleaf in the shank of the Super Grains was discontinued the catalog shows the cloverleaf on the bit.
The Super Grain was later downgraded and many new grades appeared above it see subsequent sections of this Chapter. The early original Super Grains are particularly interesting not only because they were high quality briars, but because they were the only Kaywoodies in the author's knowledge to have the logo inlaid in the shank of the pipe. The catalog "Introduces an entirely new principle in pipe-smoking, the new Kaywoodie Carburetor".
The carburetor device was basically a hole in the bottom of the bowl that was intended to control the mixture of smoke and air drawn in through the bottom of the bowl , thereby affording a cooler smoke. With the exception of the catalog, the Carburetor appears in all the catalogs reviewed in this research4. The Carburetor was available in smooth or relief sandblast finishes. The workingman's pipe in the catalog was the Drinkless Kaywoodie. The Kaywoodie catalog shows 12 grades of briar pipes and introduces the Kaywoodie Block Meerschaum Table 2. The briar pipes were available in 69 shapes See Appendix.
In addition to these individual pipes, the catalog shows two- and seven-pipe matched grain sets 5. The Block Meerschaums were available in straight or bent shapes and came in leather-covered cases. The Ninety-Fiver and Centennial pipes were apparently "anniversary pipes" offered to commemorate the firm's 95th and th anniversaries, respectively 6. The Ninety-Fiver and Centennial pipes both had wide metal bands and came in cases lined with velvet and satin. Both are highly-prized by collectors. The Oversize Kaywoodies were, as the name implies, "Giants".
Lowndes notes that these pipes were stamped simply, "Hand-Made". The pipes were all roughly "bulldog-ish" in appearance and were available in the following styles and grades The Meerschaum-Inlaid typically flame grain grade with Turkish meerschaum inlaid bowl , Silhouette black sandblast finish with wide band and Flame Grain pipes were all comparable in quality. The line-up of pipes in the catalog Table 3 was more extensive than in previous years.
The catalog presented an expanded line of meerschaum pipes and introduced a 4-pipe set of Matched Grain Pipes, as well as several pipes with "special features". The number of shapes available see Appendix , however, was not substantially different from the number offered in the catalog. The "star" of the catalog was the Meerschaum Character Pipe. According to the catalog, "A very limited number of these [block] meerschaum character pipes are carved by Kaywoodie sculptors. The Twin-Bowl Kaywoodies were available in an all-meerschaum model two removable inner bowls of meerschaum and a meerschaum and Flame Grain model outer bowl of flame grain briar and removable inner bowl of meerschaum.
Other meerschaum pipes presented in the catalog included: The "Doctor's" Pipe was fitted with a removable bowl of meerschaum that was designed to leave an air space between the inner meerschaum bowl and the outer briar bowl to circulate and cool the smoke Other interesting entries in the catalog included:. The catalog offered an interesting assortment of traditional and free-hand styles Table 4. The traditional pipes were available in over 50 shapes see Appendix. Every Birdseye and Straight Grain pipe was registered and, according to the catalog, would "be serviced for life".
The Birdseye and Straight Grain pipes were packaged in special hand-fitted leather cases. Though both pipes are still highly regarded, the Birdseye pipe is probably the rarest of the Kaywoodie Pipes and is highly sought after by collectors. The Kaywoodie Originals were "hand-carved, one-of-a-kind pipes" that were available in six general shapes in a choice of smooth or "textured" finishes.
The Originals, like the Birdseye and Straight Grain Pipes, were registered and would be serviced for life. The Collector's series was also available in six shapes 1C-6C in a choice of smooth or sandblast finishes The Heirloom pipes were hand-carved briar heads of a Nobleman, a Prophet, and Satan. The Durobit pipe was a variation of the Stembiter. The Durobit featured a "twin outlet" bit instead of the 3-way outlet used on the Stembiter bit see Section 3.
A common problem with the Kaywoodie threaded bit is its tendency to "cant" to the right over time i. The Syncro-Lok bit, that "twists to any angle most comfortable to your individual bite," was apparently intended to eliminate this problem. In addition to the two-, five-, and seven-pipe Matched Grain pipe sets listed in Table 4, the catalog introduced the Presentation Pipe. The catalog states that in "Every 8 or 10 thousand briar blocks, we come across a single piece that is as near to perfection as briar can get. This rare find is set aside and turned over to a master pipe craftsman.
He lovingly sees this precious briar through each step, until it takes shape as one of the rarest pipes in the century. The material presented in this monograph is extracted from , , , , and four undated Kaywoodie catalogs. Based on a comparison of prices in the and catalogs, the four undated catalogs appear to span the period from the late 's to the late 's i.
This section presents a brief summary of the Kaywoodie Pipes that appeared in these undated catalogs, but did not appear in either the or catalogs. Table 5 lists Kaywoodie shape numbers that were introduced between and It presents a set of 28 Kaywoodie Matched Grain Pipes.
Over , blocks of pristine briar must be sorted to find just one such matched collection; hence no more than 12 sets can be produced in any one year. Hand fashioned from tapered bit to burnished bowl, every pipe in this Collection becomes a prized possession. A Carved Headbriar [see note concerning "carved heads" in the discussion of Heirloom pipes, Section 3. This precious ensemble is housed in a custom-designed walnut cabinet of distinguished elegance.
It contains a tobacco humidor and a handy compartment for pipe smoking utensils. A brass plate, engraved with the recipient's name, personalizes the presentation" Price: The Presentation Collection did not appear in the catalog, but was apparently introduced shortly thereafter. A "brief" article in the September 17, issue of Newsweek supports this contention. The article, entitled "Pipe Dream", contains a photo of the Presentation Collection, which is described as the "costliest pipe set ever marketed in the U. The previous sections of this Chapter summarize information taken from eight Kaywoodie Catalogs from the period to Because of the gaps in the catalogs, it is highly likely that many "holes" exist in the material presented in this monograph.
This section presents a brief overview of some Kaywoodie Pipes that did not appear in any of the catalogs consulted in this research. The information on these pipes was provided by W. There is certainly no shortage of Kaywoodies today. Flea markets are particularly fruitful hunting grounds for Kaywoodie Pipes. Many gems have been discovered among the dusty, heavily oxidized pipes that have found their way to flea markets around the country.
Another obvious source of Kaywoodies is other collectors. This source is particularly useful for the rarer, high-grade Kaywoodies.
A number of pipe collecting journals carry ads from Kaywoodie collectors and can be a valuable source of general information concerning Kaywoodies, as well as in identifying other Kaywoodie collectors. Readers who may not be familiar with these publications should consult their local tobacconist for details.
Additionally, there has been a recent proliferation of mail-order pipe dealers who occasionally offer Kaywoodie Pipes. These dealers frequently advertise in various pipe smoking journals and can be another potentially useful source for Kaywoodie Pipes. While there does not appear to be a shortage of Kaywoodie Pipes, there is a serious lack of guidelines for accurately dating and pricing Kaywoodie Pipes.
Hence, only the following, general guidelines for dating Kaywoodies can be suggested. With the exception of the early pre pipes, it is very difficult to date Kaywoodies precisely. Typically, one must rely upon "guestimates" based on a number of factors. Because there are relatively few Kaywoodie collectors the number appears to be growing, however , and because there is a general lack of knowledge concerning the basic hierarchy of Kaywoodie Pipes, there does not appear to be a widely accepted pricing scale for Kaywoodie Pipes. As an example, a leading mail-order pipe company recently offered low-grade Kaywoodies Signet, "" at the same or higher prices than Flame and Matched Grain Kaywoodies.